Saline di Cervia
a bit of history..
Cervia, today known as an elegant tourist resort on the Adriatic Riviera, is a city of ancient origins. Land conquered by the Greek colonists, the first documents that name it with its previous name, Ficocle, date back to the fifth century, while starting from the eighth century it is referred to as the city of salt.
The ancient town left within the salt pan, the current archaeological area of Prato della Rosa. The move to the east took place in 1697 by papal decree after a strong decimation of the population caused by “malaria” (infectious disease).
The new Cervia was built thinking of the 150 families of salt workers, homes were prepared not far from the two large salt stores just outside the walls.
On the ancient Via Bova, the road that connected the old Cervia with the new one, now stands the visitor center of the Salina di Cervia, established in 2004 with the aim of providing information on the history, production activities and naturalistic aspects of the Salina di Cervia, first independent Nature Reserve, then annexed to the Po Delta Regional Park.
Organized visits to the Salina include three different routes depending on the interests of the visitors.
- The nature trail, to be done on foot or by boat, involves crossing the salt pan with ethologists and expert naturalists in search of animal species of particular beauty and striking views, an unmissable attraction for both the particular and luxuriant vegetation, and for the great concentration of birdlife composed of flamingos, knights of Italy, foxes, avocets and many other species that nest or rest in the protected oasis of Cervia.
- The production process takes place by boat in the warm season, when the salt crystals begin to settle in the salty basins with their characteristic pink color.
- The beaten historical, starts from the Magazzino del Sale Torre, the most important seventeenth-century example of Romagnola industry, in which the Salt Museum (MUSA) was set up, full of documents, tools and images of the ancient saline of Cervia, the group the bicycle tour continues through the old town of Cervia Nuova and Cervia Vecchia, to discover the traces of the ancient Ficocle.
Do not miss a visit to the Salina Camillone, the last example of artisan management with multiple collection. Today Slow Food presidium for the exceptional quality of the "sweet salt" that salt workers continue to produce according to the original millennial system